The United Kingdom government's design principles and examples of how they have been used. Each principle includes links to articles with additional explanation and reflections.
1. Start with user needs
2. Do less
3. Design with data
4. Do the hard work to make it simple
5. Iterate. Then iterate again
6. This is for everyone
7. Understand context
8. Build digital services, not websites
9. Be consistent, not uniform
10. Make things open: it makes things better
This canvas guides policy makers to derive specific policies and regulatory mechanisms in an agile and iterative manner – integrating both design thinking and evidence based policy making. An associated White Paper provides background on the approach.
Platform Design Toolkit is based on the tradition of service design thinking and the publishers intend it to overcome the limitations in traditional, linear, business modeling approaches. This methodology is based on a multi-sided, ecosystem based, platform model instead of a traditional product or service design. Those interested in building their "government as a platform" strategy or building a suite of digital or non-digital products or services would likely find value in this approach but should be adapted for a public sector context.
A curated set of 18 canvases that walk you through the steps needed for creating services & products using the combined principles and methodologies of agile development, lean startup, and design thinking. The publisher's intent is for you to reach business objectives in an iterative and human-centric way. In adapting to a public sector context, "customers" may need to be re-framed as stakeholders or service users. GitHub source content available. Includes how-to videos.
Established in 2016, these 9 principles provide guidelines for information sharing and interfaces, operating models, rapid service development and preparedness within the Finnish government and beyond.
A collection of tools that describe how 18F digital service teams put human-centered design into practice. These cards are focused on design in the context of digital services, but can be adapted to non-technical design projects as well.
The resource is online and also available as printable cards.
The card set includes simplified information on various design methods according to an overall methodology: Discover, Decide, Make,Validate. There are also "Fundamentals" cards related to incentives, privacy, and recruiting, all of which are important for overall design projects.
Each card covers what, why, how, time required, and additional resources to learn more about the method. These are intended to be sequenced according to the needs of the project.
Some prior experience with the methods may be helpful for context.
This resource is intended to support United Kingdom government teams create and run digital services according to their Digital Service Standard. It covers Accessibility and assisted digital, Agile delivery, Design, Measuring success, Service assessments and getting on GOV.UK, Technology, The team, and User research.
This resource provides South Australian Government organisations with guidance on the development and format of their digital strategies, which they distinguish separately from an information and communications technology (ICT) strategy. The toolkit contains guidance on the development and format of digital strategies, a digital maturity assessment tool, a digital transformation prioritisation tool, a digital strategy template, and an implementation plan template.
The AIA is a questionnaire designed to help assess and mitigate the impacts associated with deploying an automated decision system. It helps identify the impact level of an automated decision system. It was developed with the Canadian Directive on Automated Decision-Making in mind but it can be applied elsewhere. The questions are focused on business processes, data, and system design decisions.
The questionnaire asks around 60 questions and the results will demonstrate impact level as well as a link where you can learn about what requirements would be under the Directive. The questionnaire takes at least 35 minutes to complete. This is an open source project that can be adapted to suit your needs. It is available in English and French.
X-Road, a data exchange layer for information systems, is a technological and organizational environment enabling a secure Internet-based data exchange between information systems. Source code of X-Road is open for all and it is licensed under MIT license.
Consultation services for deploying independent X-Road instances can be obtained from enterprises with such services. There is also an X-Road Community for support.
This is a collaborative project involving several countries/territories, including Estonia, Finland, and Iceland.
The "Toolkit: Digital Government Urgency, Readiness and Maturity Assessment" helps public sector entities assess urgency for digital transformation and evaluate their organizational readiness and maturity. Respondents of the freely accessible survey receive a suggested prioritization for digital transformation initiatives in the near future, depending on their context, as well as indicative digital maturity levels. An email address is required in order to receive the report.
A guide intended for the Australian government for designing public services in user-centered and iterative ways. This resource is intended to help teams start small and learn fast, and to create services that can be delivered quickly and to save money by reducing service failure.
It is organised into 4 design and delivery stages, each with an associated guide: Discovery, Alpha, Beta, Live.
The toolkit provides step-by-step guidance for development practitioners to leverage new sources of data. It is a result of a collaboration of UNDP and UN Global Pulse with support from UN Volunteers, led by UNDP innovation teams in Europe and Central Asia and Arab States.
The guide is structured into three sections - (I) Explore the Problem & System, (II) Assemble the Team and (III) Create the Workplan. Each of the sections comprises of a series of tools for completing the steps needed to initiate and design a data innovation project, to engage the right partners and to make sure that adequate privacy and protection mechanisms are applied.
A front-end framework for building websites that are accessible, usable, interoperable, mobile friendly and multilingual for the Government of Canada and beyond, the resource includes a collection of of flexible and themeable templates and reusable components and related guidance. Content is also available in French.
The Open Data Board Game is a board game built around the creation of tools using data. A physical board game journey might involve clearing datasets for release as open data, achieving a certain data quality, and ultimately connecting data sets with a start up, SME or government to deliver economic, social and environmental benefits.
It is a Github code repository that contains all the things that are needed to create the game. It is a work in progress, according to the publisher. Requires some expertise to create the board game using the files in the Github repository.
Inclusive design is designing for the full range of human diversity in ability, language, income, culture, gender, age and other characteristics. This toolkit includes a series of cards to use early in a design process to help sketch, plan, prototype and design content, interactions and processes. It covers inclusive physical, audio, visual, and thought experiences. PDF and editable Word document available via the publisher's Github page.
A playbook of 13 key “plays” drawn from successful practices from the private sector and government that the publisher believes, if followed together, will help governments build effective digital services.
The IoT Service Kit is a board game that brings domain experts out of their silos to co-create user-centric IoT experiences. The Kit consists of three major components: maps, tokens and cards, which can be downloaded and printed/3D printed. It includes source content on GitHub as well. Its stated goals: achieve mutual understanding, stay tangible, and make complex simple. It is best for those who have some understanding of service design processes and principles as well as IoT technologies.
The term data collaborative refers to a new form of collaboration, beyond the public-private partnership model, in which participants from different sectors — including private companies, research institutions, and government agencies — can exchange data to help solve public problems.
This resource outlines 8 Phases for designing and implementing a data collaborative (partnership) at an institutional level. The online resource includes examples, enablers, tools, and resources for each phase.
A collection of online guidance and knowledge to assist countries and others in setting up open data strategies and platforms.
The resource is comprised seven sections:
Open Data Essentials, Starting an Open Data Initiative,Technology Options, Demand & Engagement, Supply & Quality of Data, Readiness Assessment Tool, and Technical Assistance and Funding.
The purpose of the standard is to provide guidance for those in the New Zealand government or anyone who designs or provides government services regarding the provision of accessible, integrated, inclusive public services. It includes principles, rationale, information on how to meet the standard, related implementation guidance and resources, and a glossary.
This playbook is an online crash course on service design. It works alongside the 14 points set out in the Digital Service Standard to provide the basics needed to get started on a digital service.
It covers: About service design, Discovery phase, Alpha phase, Beta phase, Live phase, and Team roles
This resource is a method library containing 54 method descriptions for using the key methods in service design. These methods include instructions, guidelines, and-tips-and tricks for activities within research, ideation, prototyping, and facilitation. This collection only contains building blocks. It doesn’t detail how to assemble them into a cohesive design process or how to plan or manage it. The associated (paid) book and curriculum offers this context.
The OGP Toolbox is a collaborative platform that gathers digital tools developed and used throughout the world by organizations to improve democracy and promote transparency, participation and collaboration.
It is designed as a social network and includes use cases and tool "collections," technical criteria informed by the community and recommendations based on the experience of users that have already implemented existing solutions.
The goals of the publisher and platform are to:
- allow actors to identify the digital tools better suited to their needs, by collecting and describing them in the most objective way possible;
- collaborate to make digital tools more accessible and easier to use;
- create favourable conditions to further the development of better digital tools; and,
- foster the sharing of experience between actors and giving feedback on existing tools.
This playbook shares lessons the publisher has learned while working with vulnerable populations as they access digital services, with the aim of improving access and awareness to those services.
This playbook is for nonprofits, community-based organizations, and governments who serve people who are eligible for government safety-net and criminal justice services, people with low incomes, and people in contact with the justice system.
It includes guidance in the form of principles and best practices for digital outreach to vulnerable populations.
The Do-it-Yourself (DIY) Open Data Toolkit provides a step-by-step guidance on how to develop an open data initiative. The Toolkit is primarily intended for municipalities that have not yet begun an open data project and need some guidance on how to implement one. It can also be referenced by other governments or organizations who are considering initiating an open data initiative.
The toolkit includes: Open data orientation, Planning considerations, Publishing sample data sets, Adopting an open data policy, Executing an open data pilot project with community engagement, and
Moving your open data initiative from pilot project to operational program.
This toolkit provides guidance for public servants on how to communicate with the public using the simplest and clearest language possible and to ensure that all services are accessible, and meets the diverse needs of all our customers. The guidance is based on Universal Design principles.
The toolkit contains advice on general writing style principles, verbal and non-verbal communications, design of forms and documents, web and social media content and how to display signage. It features a series of tips and tricks for evaluating the inclusiveness of communications.
This approach is not only useful in the public sector for improving service experiences but also as a way of making overall communications more open and accessible.
The resource was developed for IFRC and National Societies to develop their literacy around data, but it could easily be applied to other organisations. It aims to promote responsible data use and develop data readiness. It has been tailored based on these audiences:
The Data Curious, who needs an ‘on ramp’ to learn and be exposed to the data basics.
The Data Advocate, who sees relevance and and wants to improve their skills and/or offer support.
The Data Active, who are motivated to self-learn and are on their way to being a ‘data-leader’.
The Data Ready, who are ‘trainers’ or ‘data leaders’ who lead data-driven projects and mentor colleagues.
It was heavily influenced by the DIY toolkit, the Atlassian Team Playbook and the Open Organization principles. The content is built to be social and modularised and used in a ‘pick and choose’ method. It includes examples, best best practices, how to’s, slides, session plans, training materials, matrices and scenarios, which are provided in formats that are easily adapted by others.
The purpose of the standard is to provide guidance for those in the Australian government or anyone who designs or provides government digital services regarding the provision of simple, clear and fast services. It includes 13 criteria, rationale, information about meeting the standard, design principles, service design and delivery process, related training and guides, and a glossary.
The resource also includes downloadable posters.
The resource provides support for individuals and organizations wishing to publish open government data. Some guidance may be specific to the Swiss context. It is designed as a wiki: contributions from organizations and individuals that have experience with open data are welcomed. The resource is organised into stages: identify, prepare, publish, and support. A Github repository of the website's code is also available.
This resource includes tools, approaches and resources for local authorities sharing non-personal data. The publishers intend it for those currently working in city governments as well as those supplying data sharing services to be able to find a common language and process in approaching the sharing of data. It focuses on both the technical and non-technical aspects of sharing data, including building data sharing partnerships, building a team, ecosystem mapping, and proposal and business case development.
The goal of this resource is to elicit conversation, encourage risk evaluation as a team, and catalyze proactive mitigation strategy planning around algorithm use in the public sector. It includes assessments and worksheets for assessing algorithm risk and managing algorithm risk. The publishers assume users have an understanding of their data and a basic understanding of algorithms.
This resource contains a framework and guidance regarding the use of user-centred design. The publisher defines the UCD process in six phases - two planning and four delivery phases. The two planning phases focus on typical project planning aspects such as problem space, resources, agency readiness, team logistics, governance, etc. The four delivery phases are about action, talking to users to understand their real needs, prototyping potential solutions, and building the minimum viable product ready for public use.
Each phase contains guidance, phase time-frames, workshop templates, tools and a checklist for deciding to proceed to the next phase.
This resource focuses on inclusive design, a methodology that enables and draws on the full range of human diversity, including those with limited abilities. The resource includes a guide on inclusive design, multiple short-films and a 20-minute documentary, as well as activity cards that follow 5 phases of a design process.
There is a free and paid version of this toolkit and an associated workshop offered by the publishers. The free version of the kit provides tools to structure your thinking when designing a service that includes machine learning elements. The core idea is that you first describe a user journey in a physical or digital space, and then use the materials from the kit to brainstorm service concepts in that space.
The core materials include:
- A booklet summarising key concepts for designing IA services, and a glossary of common machine learning terms
- Two canvases for summarising the service concept
- Three card decks that describe important elements of IA service design
- A map, showing the setting for the service concept
This guide is for people at 18F (a United States Federal Government technology transformation agency) who are wondering what to expect from a product manager on their team, as well as for product managers and those filling that role to understand what their team expects from them. This guide also serves as a resource for product management best practices at 18F. This guide could be used in other governments looking for product management guidance.
Principles and guidance for developing digital services in Argentina and beyond. The resource is available in a Github repository and includes 9 principles, indicators, and standards for API's, website, mobile applications, and others.
The toolkit addresses the many complexities of devising and advancing digital skills at policy level. It maps out how digital skills take their place within a wider framework of soft, twenty-first century skills. It offers guidance on bringing together – and leading – different stakeholders and moving forward under one clear and focused framework.
This resource provides guidance on four criteria/factors (Specific Problem, Defined action, Clear Data Product, Accessible data) the publisher has found to be helpful for public sector organisations considering running a data analytics project. It also contains information on privacy impact assessments and research ethics.
The Service Sandbox is a visual, playful, co-creation tool that allows individuals to explore digital services in a tangible and interactive way. The sandbox can be used to test an existing service or to create new ones. The resource is oriented toward designing interior environments, especially digitalising environments, but could be used more broadly. The tool consists of three phases (build, ideate and define), plus a pitch template for taking the process one step further. According to the authors, the tool can be used when design professionals and other professions want to work and co-create together in order to achieve alignment and create a common language between them. The Service Sandbox can be used anywhere between 3 hours to a 2-day workshop depending on the requirements and goals.
The Venture Design Process offers set of templates, tutorials, and templates for systematic execution of continuous design and delivery. It covers the phases: Personas, Problem Scenarios & Alternatives, Value Propositions, Assumptions & Experiments, Customer Discovery & Experiments, User Stories & Prototypes, Product & Promotion, as well as modules covering agile management and business model generation. The resource is targeted at private sector entrepreneurs and focuses on digital products and services, but its principles and methods can be adapted to the public sector context. Some of of the templates are available as Google documents which can be copied and used interactively.